Indian chrysanthemum (Dendranthema indicum), hardy chrysanthemum: planting, care

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Indian Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema x indications syn. Chrysanthemum x indicum) also called garden chrysanthemum, autumn daisy, or Chinese chamomile, is an annual plant of horticultural origin resulting from a cross between cultivars originating from China and Japan, which offers greater resistance (-15°C) than chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum) sold on All Saints’ Day, often grown as an annual plant.

Its woody stems, originating from surface-covering rhizomes, give rise to branching semi-woody stems that quickly form dense, bushy, rounded tufts. The deciduous oval leaves, thick, dark green, aromatic, are cut into lobes giving a contour reminiscent of oak leaves.

From September to November, flower heads about 3 cm in diameter, gathered in terminal corymbs, stand at the top of the stem, covering the entire plant, which becomes a ball of pompom flowers whose color varies from yellow to pink, passing. , orange, copper, purple, with yellow to greenish hearts.

Be careful, all parts of the plant are poisonous if swallowed. Its excellent hardiness allows it to be cultivated in cemeteries where it will re-flower year after year.

  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Type: perennial leaf
  • Origin: horticulture
  • Color: white, yellow, purple, pink, orange flowers
  • Sow: yes
  • Cutting: yes
  • Planting: spring or autumn
  • Flowering: September to November
  • Height: 0.80 to 1 m (0.50 m spread)

Ideal soil and exposure for Dendranthema x indicum

Indian chrysanthemums are grown in full sun although they tolerate partial shade, in fertile, fresh, well-drained soil.

Date of division, cutting and planting of Dendranthema x indicum

Sowing can technically be done in boxes, in autumn, under frames, but in reality, this is a matter for specialists.

Dividing clumps in the fall, after flowering, or in March, allows you to get new plants more quickly. Stem cuttings can also be taken in spring.

Planting, at a rate of 4 ft/m², is ideally planned in spring (March-April) but can also be done in autumn, from September to November, when you buy them in full flower.

Indian chrysanthemum care and cultivation advice for Dendranthema x indicum

You can pinch the stems in late spring for a more compact plant with less wind resistance. At the end of winter, the stems can also be cut more severely, by half.

In pots, regular watering is necessary to keep the substrate fresh, but not to allow water to pool in the saucer.

In the garden, mulch will protect against the winter cold and also keep the soil cool in the summer.

Diseases, pests and parasites of Dendranthema x indicum

Garden chrysanthemums are very afraid of stagnant winter moisture, but otherwise they are not sensitive to disease or attack by any parasites or pests except for slugs and snails in spring when the plants produce new shoots.

The genus Dendranthema unites many hybrid chrysanthemum cultivars
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Location and favorable relationships of Dendranthema x indicum

It is a plant planted in beds or in pots to brighten the garden in autumn, besides of course bringing flowers to the final resting place of loved ones…

Dendranthema species and varieties recommended for planting in the garden

Genres Dendranthemahas about twenty species, which were previously integrated into the genus ChrysanthemumFor example, Dendranthema weyrichii syn. Chrysanthemum weyrichiinative to Russia, which has pink or white flowers with a diameter of 3 to 5 cm, with a yellow center.

Currently, the type Dendranthemaunites many hybrid chrysanthemum cultivars that often still belong to the genus Chrysanthemum.

Indian Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema x indications) is also available in cultivars such as Dendranthema x indicum Anastasia with small pink flowers with a yellow center, Dendranthema x indicum Oury with magenta pink flowers, Cottage Apricot Dendranthema x indicum with copper salmon-orange flowers….

Serena Hoyles

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