Pakistan called on the United Nations to take “real steps” to support the basic rights of the residents of Kashmir, a region that has crystallized tensions with India.
Pakistani state radio reported on Thursday that Islamabad’s representative to the United Nations, Khalil-ur-Rahman Hashmi, welcomed the session held at the international organization’s headquarters in New York, on the work carried out by United Nations observers warning against human beings. the incessant human rights violations committed by India in the Jammu and Kashmir region.
In this context, he called on the international community to condemn the abuses committed by India against the inhabitants of the disputed territory.
On 5 August 2019, the Indian government announced the revocation of Kashmir’s constitutional autonomy, after revoking Article 370 of the Constitution, which guaranteed the autonomy of the Muslim-majority state of Jammu and Kashmir. Article 370 of the Indian Constitution grants special status to Jammu and Kashmir and authorizes the government in New Delhi to make laws only in matters of defence, foreign affairs and communications in the disputed territory.
The name “Jammu and Kashmir” is given to the part of Kashmir under the control of the Union of India, which unites groups that have been at war, since 1989, against what they consider the “Indian occupation” of their territory. .
The people of Jammu and Kashmir have demanded independence from India and wanted to join Pakistan since the two countries gained independence from Britain in 1947, and the division of the Muslim-majority territory between Islamabad and New Delhi.
The Kashmir conflict began with the separation of the British India Kingdom in August 1947 between India and Pakistan. Three wars broke out between the two countries in 1948, 1965 and 1971, causing the deaths of 70,000 people on both sides.
*Translated from Arabic by Hajer Cherni
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